Protecting Irish Whiskey


Protecting Irish Whiskey

Some thoughts on Protecting Irish Whiskey.

“That men do not learn very much from the lessons of history is the most important of all the lessons of history.” – Aldous Huxley.

You may know that I have written previously on the Irish Whiskey Renaissance and all of the excitement that accompanies the unprecedented and exponential growth of the Irish Whiskey Industry.

A Press release last week from the Irish Department of Food, Agriculture and Marine reminds us that The Irish Whiskey industry employs over 750 people and that exports have grown over 200% in the last 10 years. In 2014, nearly seven million cases of Irish Whiskey were exported to over one hundred countries. Exports are expected to grow to twelve million cases by 2020 and twenty four million cases by 2030. Three years ago, there were four whiskey distilleries in Ireland. By 2018, there may be over 20 Irish new Whiskey distilleries in Ireland.

The last time that Irish Whiskey experienced such growth was at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. But then it all crashed in the early 1900’s. One of the reasons it crashed was the introduction of Prohibition in America. At the time, there were three types of whiskey dominating the global market; Scotch, Irish and American. American whiskey was always going to recover with such a huge domestic market. That left Scotch whisky and Irish whiskey (which had actually been more popular in pre prohibition America than Scotch) to re-establish and rebuild their markets in America. Scotch made it, but Irish whiskey never recovered.

Prohibition and Irish Whiskey

The reason for this is that Irish whiskey became a victim of its own success. During prohibition, a huge black market developed in moonshine or fake whiskey. New make spirit straight from the illicit stills throughout America was force aged with wood shavings and coloured with caramel. The resulting rot gut – rocket fuel raw spirit – was then sold as either Bourbon or Irish whiskey with makey up Irish and Bourbon labels such as “Donegan’s Pure Old Irish Whiskey” or “Old Kentucky Bear Paw Whiskey”. You get the picture I’m sure. The idea for these cheap imitations may have actually have originated in Ireland, for in the early 1900’s, at least one well known Irish midlands distillery was avoiding taxes by producing (off the books) a force aged and artificially coloured and flavoured cut price unaged “Irish whiskey” for sale to a large Irish working class population in London.

Scotch whisky was rarely copied by the black market moonshiners. Why? The malted barley used in Scotch is dried over turf or peat fires where unlike Irish whiskey, the smoke makes direct contact with the drying malt. That’s why Scotch whisky generally has a distinctive smokey flavour. The Moonshiners found it too difficult to imitate Scotch, so they focussed on copies of Irish Whiskey and Bourbon instead.

At the end of prohibition, the reputations of both Irish and Bourbon whiskeys were in tatters with the drinking public who associated Irish Whiskey and Bourbon with the poor quality moonshiner imitations. Bourbon recovered its reputation on the back of distilleries such as Brown Forman and a few others whose names were already known and trusted by the US market as they had been allowed to maintain limited production of normal quality “Medicinal” whiskey during prohibition. The problem with Irish whiskey is that none of the 50 or 60 Irish whiskey brands from the 30 or so whiskey distilleries in Ireland at that time were well recognised brands in America, even before prohibition. That’s another reason why they were so easy to fake with imitation Irish Whiskey. Individual Irish whiskey brands were not then as well recognised in America as they are today. It was all just “Irish whiskey” under a myriad of Irish sounding labels. Think of how many people view say “French” wine today.

Scotch also had another protector. The Powerful and cohesive Distillers Company Limited (DCL) forcibly united many smaller Scotch whisky brands under one solid banner and dramatically streamlined and moulded the Scotch whisky industry into a single unified force and brand.

Protecting The Irish Whiskey Industry

New Challenges for the Irish Whiskey Industry

It has taken nearly 100 years for the Irish whiskey industry to recover from collapse and prosper, but is this current recovery safe or is it still exposed to another crash?

Speaking in recent months to my own senior contacts in the larger Irish distilleries, the one major fear they share is that just one new cowboy distillery or marketeer, could damage the whole industry by cutting corners in production quality or brand identity. Innovation is fine, but quality, unity and heritage come first!

Protecting Irish Whiskey

The new Irish Whiskey Association was formed last year to bring together all the key stakeholders in the Irish whiskey industry. The spirit is one of “Co-opetition” with the larger more established distilleries actively offering support and mentoring to newer entrants. I am proud to say that IrishWhiskey.com has played our own small part in facilitating introductions to the Association for some of the new Irish Whiskey labels.

In the last week, the Irish Minister for Food Simon Coveney has introduced new regulations to grant “Geographic Indication” protected status to Irish whiskey, Poitin and Irish Cream products under European Union law. Essentially, this lays down quality parameters for Irish whiskey products within the European market and also dictates that they can only be produced on the island of Ireland. It will mean that only whiskey produced in Ireland can be legally sold in the European Union as “Irish Whiskey”.

Obviously, the term “Irish Whiskey” is now more important as ever. As the owner of Irish Whiskey.com, I look forward to living up to my own responsibilities in protecting and developing the name, reputation and heritage of the Irish Whiskey brand and sector in coming years.

As the Irish Whiskey Industry moves forward with confidence and purpose, we do well to remember our past century and the more recent words of Bill Gates.

“It’s fine to celebrate success, but it is more important to heed the lessons of failure”.

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  1. 2
    Stuart McNamara

    Hi “Irish Whiskey Expert”,

    I’m not sure from your comments if you have actually read my article properly? But if you have, you seem to have missed the point completely.

    From the opening of my article.”The last time that Irish Whiskey experienced such growth was at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. But then it all crashed in the early 1900’s. One of the reasons it crashed was the introduction of Prohibition in America”.

    This is not meant to be a history of the travails of the Irish Whiskey industry. Rather, it is a quick study on the effect of one or two bad apples spoiling a barrel. I’m talking about why bootlegging affected the Irish whiskey industry more than the Scotch or Bourbon industry “during prohibition years”. Of course I know about the effect of the Coffey Still. I am after all a whiskey writer. I have written elsewhere in recent years of the Coffey Still and Temperance movements in Ireland.

    The point I am making here and which most of my readers (including your Tullamore DEW colleagues) have understood judging from feedback on social media tonight, is that there are valuable lessons to be learned from the early 1900’s to the 30’s when the good name of Irish Whiskey suffered severe damage because of the actions of those producing poor quality or imitation whiskey under an Irish Whiskey banner.

    I am saying that it is important for all of us who care about Irish whiskey to protect it’s good name. Your own company IDL (You registered here with a Pernod-Ricard email address) is to the forefront of this as I have seen at first hand from my visits to Midleton. I have reflected this in many other articles on your distillery and my reviews of many of your products.

    In terms of scolding me in person with “more research required”, perhaps the following may be worth reflecting on.
    “Despite all the challenges facing the Irish Whiskey industry there was still a worldwide demand for quality Irish Pot Still whiskey and by 1900 the amount of whiskey distilled in Ireland quadrupled.” – This quote is from your own IDL publication on Irish Whiskey History. It also supports my opening statement in the article “The last time that Irish Whiskey experienced such growth was at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. But then it all crashed in the early 1900’s”.

    This hardly supports you “advising” me that “Irish whiskey was long dead before prohibition”. In fact Irish whiskey was more popular in the US than Scotch pre-prohibition and particularly on the Irish influenced East Coast (Boston and New York).

    As for “a war with the British Empire” pre-dating prohibition. Prohibition which commenced in 1920 was repealed in 1933. The Anglo Irish Trade war only really started then in 1933 following the second Irish election in two years.

    While I welcome comments of any kind here on IrishWhiskey.com, I am always disappointed when someone’s first instinct is to attack and denigrate the messenger by making loose and unsustainable accusations themselves of sloppy work by others. I am particularly disappointed that in doing so, you claim to be representing IDL. Perhaps you were having a bad evening? Or are you actually with Irish Distillers. I have my suspicions and will be checking.

    I’m now going to open a new bottle of Yellow Spot!

    Kind regards,

    Stuart

  2. 4
    Martin Waldron

    Well written article… Stuart are you aware of the actions of Diageo in Russia selling “Rowsons Reserve” marked as “Irish Whiskey ” blend with no mention of the Indian Whisky that constitutes most of the bottles content.

    • 5
      Stuart McNamara

      Hi Martin, Thanks for the kind comments.

      From the Moscow Times a few weeks ago. http://www.themoscowtimes.com/article.php?id=525436 . In this article titled “As Alcohol Prices Soar, Russians Turn to Imitation Whiskeys and Rums”, Rowsons Reserve is described as a “Whiskey based drink”! Is it Irish Whiskey or a “whiskey based drink”?

      This link http://eng.winestyle.ru/products/Rowson-s-Reserve-700.html from one of their suppliers in Russia seems to imply that the Russian Rowsons Reserve is 100% Irish whiskey and is different from the Indian version?

      If this “Irish Whiskey” contains Indian whiskey, it will have interesting implications. As far as I know, Diageo are still members of the IWA even since offloading all of their Irish Whiskey interests when they sold Bushmills to Jose Cuerva in Mexico earlier this year. If it’s a “whiskey based drink” rather than a whiskey, there will be confusion.

      Reports such as these which show history repeating itself are what prompted me to write this article. Thanks for highlighting! Kind regards, Stuart

  3. 6
    James Doherty

    Some fair points made there Stuart. I think there is an onus on all to recognise the difference between experimentation and innovation. Not all experiments are worthy of release and the vast majority will be fiddling round the edges rather than genuinely innovative!

  4. 7
    John

    Hi Stuart

    Good article and a balanced view – yes it doesn’t include all of the history behind the decline but you never claimed that it did.

    The key to success for the category is the IWA and zero tolerance towards any fakes or substitute brands or processes.

    Good luck to my Irish colleagues and success to all in the Irish Whiskey industry.

  5. 8
    MichaelD

    Thanks Stuart for the great article, and as the industry is still very small and rebuilding its reputations, I entirely agree it would only take one bad Whiskey to drag the reputation into the gutter. One of the other things I am concerned about with Irish Whiskey though is that is appears very focused on Europe and the USA markets. Very important markets, but Ireland seems to be losing a lot of ground to Scotland, USA and Japan in some of the very large developing markets – particularly China and India. Irish Whiskey is not represented at trade exhibitions (Like Whisky L!) and with the exception of Jameson, rarely available in bars/supermarkets. Teeling will be distributed in China shortly which is great, but when you see the huge presence and work from other Whisky producing countries in these massive developing markets, it makes me wonder if Irish Whiskey will ever be a serious contender, given we are getting to the market so late. Its a shame particularly in China where Irish food/drink products already are building a great reputation for quality, that would really benefit Whiskey. I can get Kerrygold in many supermarkets in China, but never a high end Irish Whiskey!

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